The Magna Carta was written under the reign of John I of England (r. 1199 – 1216), whose predecessor had been Richard the Lionheart. The goal of a document such as the Magna Carta was to establish a common law for all, including the king. In 1215, King John signed the Magna Carta, which had been drafted by Archbishop Stephen Langton. The Magna Carta became an important part in the historical process which led to a constitutional law in England and beyond. Parts of this document continue to be used to the present day.
To read the translation of the Magna Carta click here.