Negative and Positive Rights

Negative and positive rights are not bad and good rights. A negative right is a right that does not require anything from anybody. For example: the right to life or the right not to be killed. A positive right is a right that does require something from somebody else. For example: the right to have a car. Nobody has to do anything for someone to have the right to life, but somebody must do something for another person in order to get the car.

Classical liberals, such as John Locke, referred to natural rights–negative rights. Negative/natural rights are there from birth and everybody possesses them and can exercise them whenever they wish (even if this is at the same time as somebody else, because they do not interfere with another’s rights). However, positive rights cannot be exercised at the same time because they require coercion: somebody must force the other to do something.

Therefore, classical liberals conclude that positive rights aren’t real rights, because they weren’t there from the beginning and they cannot be exercised without anybody else’s interference.

Advertisements

Leave A Reply-

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s